Age can take a toll on your eye health. As you grow older, you’re more prone to developing eye diseases like age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Through regular optometry care from Vision Care and Surgery Associates, your Hialeah/Weston ophthalmologist can alert you to early warning signs of this disease. Here’s what you should know about AMD.
What Is Macular Degeneration?
AMD occurs when the macula of your eye starts to deteriorate, causing the gradual loss of your central vision. Wet AMD can cause damage quicker, resulting in sudden loss of vision. AMD is more common in people 65 years of age and older. However, if your family has a history of this disease, it could develop sooner.
How Do I Know I Have Age-Related Macular Degeneration?
For an accurate AMD diagnosis, see your Hialeah ophthalmologist. We can detect early signs of this disease during an eye exam. AMD symptoms include loss of night vision, shadowy spots in central vision, fuzzy vision and inability to see straight lines clearly (straight lines appear curvy).
What Are The Different Types Of AMD?
Macular degeneration is divided into two types: wet and dry. Approximately 90% of people who have AMD have the dry type. In dry macular degeneration, yellow deposits called drusen form in the macula of your eye, depriving retinal cells of nutrients to survive. As cells start to deteriorate, they no longer process light, causing loss of central vision. This process happens slowly over the course of many years.
Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels growing in the retina break, leaking fluid into your retina, causing vision loss. This process can happen suddenly, causing you to lose central vision at a rapid pace.
How Can I Prevent This Disease?
Although AMD cannot be prevented altogether, you can reduce your risk of developing the disease by taking good care of your eyes. When out in the sun, wear quality sunglasses to protect you against UV rays. Quit smoking, get sufficient rest and exercise and eat a healthy diet as foods rich in vitamins and antioxidants can improve eye health. Visit your Hialeah ophthalmologist annually for an eye checkup to monitor your eye health and vision.
Is There A Cure For Macular Degeneration?
As yet, there is no cure for AMD. Early treatment, however, can slow its progression to help preserve your vision. For dry AMD, AREDS vitamins may help reduce symptoms. Wet AMD treatments include medications and laser surgery. After evaluating your condition, we can recommend the best treatment for you.
See Your Hialeah Ophthalmologist for AMD Diagnosis and Treatment
To schedule an eye exam for an AMD diagnosis, contact Vision Care and Surgery Associates in Hialeah or Weston at 305-835-7588 or 954-945-5570 respectively.